Impacts of the Pandemic on Global Health and Vital Inequalities
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A new generation of severe inequalities in human development is emerging even if many of the unresolved of the 20th century are declining. This persistence of inequality, despite the improvement of many indicators, is a phenomenon that ended up being exacerbated in the pandemic scenario. It not only induced a public health crisis, but also has led to severe economic, social, and educational crisis. Therefore, we can see the pandemic as a global total social fact, because it affected all dimensions of social life. Science and technology can help shape the way in which societies control disease, so research and development should respond to priority health needs. This is why one great challenge to overcome is the inequality of knowledge, innovation, and the production base, because without a more symmetrical distribution of productive and innovation capacities, national and global responses based on universality and equity will become unfeasible.
Nisia Trindade Lima is the current President of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz). Holding a PhD in Sociology and a master’s degree in Political Science, she is now on her second mandate as the President of the Fiocruz and is the first woman to occupy this position in its 120 years of history. Linked to Brazilian Ministry of Health, Fiocruz is the largest Public Health Academic Institution in Latin American and the Caribbean Region. She is a senior researcher at Fiocruz’s Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, postgraduate professor in the History of Science and Health Program, as well as a collaborating professor on the Graduate Program in Sociology at IESP/UERJ. Trindade is also an associate professor of Sociology at the State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ). In December 2020 she was elected full member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (ABC) in the Social Sciences category, and in January 1st 2022 she became a fellow of the World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) for the advancement of science in developing countries. Nisia committed and is paying great attention to expanding Fiocruz’ role in the global health community. She also participated and supported the FIOCRUZ activities that contribute to the ECOSOC - High-Level Political Forum for Sustainable Development on different topics. She has also participated in the two editions of the WHO Global Research and Innovation Forum, in February and July of 2020. In September, she was awarded the degree of Knight of the National Order of the Legion of Honor of France, offered by the Government of France, in recognition of her work in the fields of science and health and for the services rendered to society in the response to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Reading: Swaminathan, S. et al. (2022): Reboot biomedical R&D in the global public interest. Nature, Vol. 602, 207-21