Impacts on Global Development and Economy
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Covid-19 first tested the adequacy of health systems to the probable repetition of pandemics. Most have shown the weakness of prevention measures and an underinvestment related to the cost control effort. Social inequalities, within and between countries, have increased. The State has reappeared as a central actor in the coordination and expression of national solidarity. An anthropo-genetic development model based on education, health and culture, implicit in long-term developments, takes on its full meaning for both rich and developing countries. Then and above all, the pandemic has marked the rise of transnational platform capitalism, which has prompted a return to the imperative of national sovereignty and the restructuring of global value chains.
The polarization between the various zones of the world economy has worsened to the point of threatening an international regime in crisis. Critical moment that calls for an unprecedented effort from the social sciences, including imagination in terms of open scenarios on contrasting geopolitical strategies
Robert Boyer is a French economist trained at Ecole Polytechnique, Sciences-Po Paris and Paris 1 University. Previously senior researcher at CNRS and professor at EHESS, he is now Fellow at Institut des Amériques, Paris. Among his publications are Regulation Theory: the State of the Art (with Yves Saillard), Routledge, 2001, The Future of Growth, with Edward Elgar, 2004, Les financiers détruiront-ils le capitalisme? Economica, 2011, Economie politique des capitalismes, La Découverte, 2015. His most recent works deal with the consequences of Covid-19 on capitalism diversity (Les capitalismes à l’épreuve de la pandémie, La Découverte, 2020) and economic theorizing (Une discipline sans réflexivité peut-elle être une science ? Epistémologie de l’économie, Editions de la Sorbonne, 2021). He is one of the editors of Revue de la Régulation